Ayurveda Achaaryaas

निदाने माधवः श्रेष्ठः
सूत्रस्थानेशु वाग्भटः
शारीरे शुश्रुतः प्रोक्तः
चरकस्तु चिकित्सिते

Madhava is the best in diagnosis, Vagbhata in concepts and principles. Sustruta is known for anatomy and Charaka for treatment

Madhava has authored माधवनिदानं (Madhava Nidaana). Vagbhata is the author of अष्टाङ्गसंग्रह (Ashtaangasamgraha) and अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता (Ashtāngahridayasaṃhita). Susruta is the author of संहिता (Susrutasamhita). Charaka is the author of चरकसंहिता(Charakasamhita).

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prameha (diabetes)

pramehaa vimsatistatra sleshmato dasa, pittatah
shat, chatvaaro/nilaat

There are 20 types of prameha (diabetes) based on its cause. Of that, 10 are due to Kapha imbalance, 6 are due to Pita imbalance, and 4 are due to Vaata imbalance,

Importance of exercise

laaghavam karmasaamarthyam
deepto/gnih medasahkshayah
vibhrakthaghanagaatratvam
vyaayaamaadupajaayate

That is, regular exercise leads to better digestive power. It also helps to prevent obesity. It keeps body light and efficient. Therefore, exercise should be part of daily routine.

Branches of Ayurveda

“kaayabaalagrahaurdhvaanga
salyadamshtrajaraavrshaan
ashtaavangaani tasyaahuh
chikitsa yeshu samsthitaah”

Following are branches of Ayurveda
1. kaaya chikitsa (internal medicine)
2. baala chikitsa (pediatrics)
3. graha chikitsa (treatment of mental disorders)
4. urdhvaanga chikitsa (treatment of head and neck portions. ENT etc)
5. salya chikitsa (surgery)
6. damshtra chikitsa (toxicology)
7. jara chikitsa (geriatrics including rejuvenation therapy)
8. vrsha chikitsa (science of aphrodisiacs)

20 Gunas (attributes)

“gurumandahimasnigdha-
slakshnasaandramridusthiraah
gunaah sasookshmavisadaa
vimsatih saviparyayah”

There are 20 gunas associated with Dravyas. That is, each dravya could have one or more these gunas. They are:

1, guru (heavy) Vs laghu (light)
2. manda (dull) Vs teekshna (sharp)
3. hima (cold) Vs ushna (hot)
4, snigdha (unctuous) Vs rooksha (Ununctuous)
5. slakshna (smooth) Vs khara (rough)
6. saandra (dense) Vs drava (liquid)
7. mridu (soft) Vs kathina (hard)
8. sthira (Stable) Vs chala (fluid)
9. sookshma (Subtle) Vs sthoola (Gross)
10. visada (non-slimy) Vs pichchhila (slimy)

Good treatment

prayogah samayet vyaadheem
yo/nyamanyamudeerayet
na/sau visuddhah suddhastu
samayet to na kopayet

A treatment for removing an illness cannot be considered as a good treatment, if it leads to another illness. A good treatment should remove illness without affecting other systems

dhaatu

“rasaƒsrikmaamsamedOƒsti-
mmajjaasuklaani dhaatavah”

Seven types of dhaatu are:

  1. rasa
  2. rakta
  3. maamsa
  4. medas
  5. asti
  6. majja
  7. sukla