Types of Sleep

tamobhavaa sleshmasamudbhavaa ca
manahsareerasramasambhavaa ca
aagantukee vyaadhyanuvartinee cha
raatrisvabhaavaprabhavaa ca nidraa

1. Because of Tamasa guna
2. Because of Kapha dosha
3. Due to physical or mental exhaustion
4. Unexpected or unnatural sleep
5. Because of illness
6. Natural sleep in the night

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A good doctor

hetau linge prasamane
rogaanaam apunarbhave
njaanam chaturvidham yasya
sa rajaarho bhisaktamah

A good doctor (doctor who would be respected by a king) is a person who has knowledge on i) what could potentially cause the illness, ii) what are symptoms of illness, iii) what could help to control and remove illness and iv) what could help to prevent its reccurance

Importance of sleep

“nidraayaattam sukham duhkham
pushtih kaarsya balaabalam
vrishataa kleebataa jnjaanam
ajnjaanam jeevitam na ca”

This roughly translates as happiness (and sorrow), corpulence (and trimness), strength (and weakness), potency (and impotency), intelligence (or its’ absence) and even itself depends on sleep

Dravyam

“yatraasritaa karmagunaah
kaaranam samavaayi yat tat dravyam”

Substance (including drugs) in which actions and properties are located in is Dravya. Causation of its effect is natural and inherent in the substance..

Shat Rasaas (Six Tastes)

“svaaduramloƒtha lavanah
katukastikta eva ca
kaashaayasceti shatkoyam
rasaanaam samgrahah smritah”

Six rasas or tastes are:
1. Svaad (Sweet)
2. Amla (Sour)
3. Lavana (Salty)
4. Katuka (Bitter)
5. Tikta (Pungent)
8. Kashaaya (Astringent)